By: Ashanti M. Rivera / The Dominican Gazette
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has regulated eight COVID-19 vaccines with Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) to be used in the whole country as of August 16, 2021, in accordance with the Department of Health (DOH).
The approved vaccines were from different countries across the world namely: Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine (BNT162b2), ChAdOx1-S[recombinant] (COVID-19 Vaccine AstraZeneca), SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine (Vero Cell), Inactivated [Coronavac], Sputnik V Gam-COVID-Vac COVID-19 Vaccine, Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine (Ad26.COV2-S (recombinant)), Whole Virion, Inactivated Coronavirus Vaccine [Covaxin], COVID-19 mRNA Vaccine (nucleoside modified) [COVID-19 Vaccine Moderna], and COVID-19 Vaccine (Vero Cell), Inactivated [COVID-19 Vaccine Sinopharm].
In a FAQ statement released by the (DOH), the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine (BNT162b2) is recommended for people ages 12 and up. The person must be vaccinated twice, 3 weeks apart. Side effects may be experienced by the vaccinated person; this includes pain, redness, swelling in the arm, tiredness, headache, muscle pain, chills, fever, and nausea.
The ChAdOx1-S[recombinant] (COVID-19 Vaccine AstraZeneca) is recommended for people ages 18 and up and without a history of anaphylaxis, adverse reactions, or hypersensitivity to active ingredients within 4 hours of vaccination. The person must take two separate 0.5mL vaccine doses between 4 and 12 weeks apart.
The SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine (Vero Cell), Inactivated [Coronavac] also known as the Sinovac is suitable for people ages 18 and up. The CoronaVac is given intramuscularly, and the prescribed vaccination schedule is two doses separated by 28 days The most common side effects are typically mild and only last for a short time. Some people can have more serious, but uncommon side effects. Difficulty breathing, swelling of the face and throat, a rapid pulse, a bad rash all over the body, dizziness, and fatigue are all signs of a serious allergic reaction. CoronaVac has already been in phase three clinical trials in a variety of places.
The COVID-19 vaccine Sputnik V (Gam-COVID-Vac) is proven to be equally successful in all age groups. The vaccine employs a heterologous recombinant adenovirus strategy to express the serious acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein, with a serving vector of adenovirus 26 (Ad26) and adenovirus 5 (Ad5). The use of two different subtypes provided 21 days apart is meant to resolve any inhabitants in adenovirus immunity. The Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine (Ad26.COV2-S (recombinant)) or more popularly known as J&J Vaccine is recommended for ages 18-59 years old. Unlike any other vaccine, the J&J vaccine can only be administered once in the body. The vaccine may cause side effects in the arms such as pain, swelling, and redness, and to the rest of your body may be tiredness, headache, muscle pain, chills, fever, and nausea.
The Whole Virion, Inactivated Coronavirus Vaccine [Covaxin] or the Bharat Biotech is available for ages 18 years old and above. The vaccine must be shot twice, 28 days apart. Based on clinical trials, the Bharat Biotech has 80.6 efficacy rates against PCR- confirmed symptomatic COVID-29 patients. The most common side effects are headache, fatigue, fever, body ache, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.
The COVID-19 mRNA Vaccine (nucleoside modified) [COVID-19 Vaccine Moderna] is suitable for ages 18 and up. The vaccine must be taken two shots within 28 days apart. Common side effects include fever, headache, fatigue, myalgia, arthralgia, nausea, vomiting, and chills.
The COVID-19 Vaccine (Vero Cell), Inactivated [COVID-19 Vaccine Sinopharm], is recommended for ages 18 and up without history of anaphylaxis to any component of the vaccine. According to the WHO Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE), all vaccinated individuals must receive the two doses of the vaccines within 3-4 week intervals.
Furthermore, the vaccination in the country for Filipinos continues, including for ages 12-17 that had been recently approved by the DOH that will start on November 3. “Hinihikayat ko ang mga magulang at kabataan, kunin niyo ang pagkakataon na mabakunahan kayo," Dr. Mary Ann Bunyi, president of Pediatric Infectious Disease Society encourages